Laboratory

Minsk

Preparation for analyzes

Dear patients, below are recommendations for preparation for analysis.
Special rules for preparing for a number of researches

PTI (prothrombin index) in the form of INR:

  • Repeated blood test for research of PTI, it is desirable to carry out at the same time.
  • Patients who take the hormonal preparations should not break the schedule of reception on the day of carrying out, if there are no special recommendations of the attending physician.

PSA (prostate specific antigen)::

  • The analysis is carrying out in the morning on an empty stomach or during the working day after a six-hour break in meal (provided that you do not eat fatty foods).
  • Within 48 hours you should refrain from ejaculation.
  • It is recommended to carry out this analysis not earlier than three days (optimally in 6–7 days) after carrying out any urological manipulations, digital rectal examination, ergometry, cystoscopy and colonoscopy, prostate massage. After a prostate biopsy, it is best to do testing after three weeks.
  • It is recommended to refrain from physical exercises that may affect the prostate gland (cycling), thermal effects (sauna, hot bath) for three days before taking the analysis.

Тестостерон, Альдостерон, АКГТ:

  • Забор крови желательно осуществлять до 10 часов утра − в связи с суточным биоритмом.

Пролактин:

  • Кровь сдавать утром в состоянии покоя, перед исследованием исключить пальпацию молочных желез.
Preparation for urine analysis

All analyses of urine are accepted in a special container which can be purchased at a pharmacy or in LLC LODE at checkout:

On the eve of survey is not recommended:
  • To drink more or less liquid than usual.
  • To take antibacterial medicines and uroseptics during 3 weeks.
  • It is undesirable to collect urine during menstruation and for 5-7 days after cystoscopy
  • For the general analysis of urine all morning portion is collected (immediately after a night sleep), from which the necessary quantity is cast into a special container. It is necessary to deliver a container with urine to the laboratory within 2 hours.
  • For the analysis by method of Nechiporenko and urine seeding — an average portion which is collected immediately in a sterile container and delivered to the laboratory within 2 hours.
  • For the biochemical analysis at the research of daily urine, is collected urine for the whole day. From the total amount of urine the necessary quantity is released and delivered to the laboratory in a sterile container.
Separated of the urogenital tract (smears, scrapings). General requirements

For men:

  • It is advisable to come for an examination during an exacerbation of infection.
  • After the unprotected (doubtful) sexual contact before delivery of the analysis there have to pass not less than three weeks.
  • The analysis is carrying out before the start of antibacterial therapy or in 2-3 weeks after the end of treatment.
  • To abstain from the sexual relations during 36 hours.
  • On the day of analysis do not carry out a toilet of genitals with the use of disinfectants (soap, gel, etc.).
  • To refrain from urination during 3 hours.

For women:

  • In 3-5 days before to carry out the analysis do not douching, exclude the introduction of any vaginal candles, not to perform an ultrasound research by the transvaginal sensor, colposcopy.
  • It is advisable to come for an examination during an exacerbation of infection.
  • After the unprotected (doubtful) sexual contact before delivery of the analysis there have to pass not less than three weeks.
  • The analysis is carrying out before the start of antibacterial therapy or in 2-3 weeks after the end of treatment.
  • To abstain from the sexual relations during 24 hours.
  • On the day of analysis do not carry out a toilet of genitals with the use of disinfectants (soap, gel, etc.).
  • To refrain from urination during 1,5-2 hours.
  • During menstruation the researches are not carried out.
Preparation for liquid cytology

Cytology:

  • Biomaterial is passed separately from another biomaterial from an urogenital tract (on the day of taking the biomaterial for this research, it is desirable not to carry out other smears).
  • The best period for research is the interval between the 10th and 20th days of a cycle.
  • Within 3 days prior to the research to exclude: 
    • sanitation of vagina with water or other liquids;
    • use of tampons;
    • use of any vaginal medications.
  • Within 3 days prior of the research to abstain from sexual contacts.
  • Within 14 days prior of the research to exclude intake of antibacterial medicines.
Bacterial sowing from a nose

Sowing from a nose:

  • The analysis is given before the antibacterial therapy or in 2-3 weeks after the end of the treatment.
  • Before passing the analysis (on the day of the material sampling) to exclude:
      1. food intake;
      2. drink;
      3. carrying out hygiene of an oral cavity (not to brush teeth) and a nose;
      4. instillation of nasal medications and other liquids;
      5. irrigation of an oral cavity aerosols, smoking.
The rules of collecting feces

To the coprogram::

  • For research is necessary a portion of feces of natural defecation.
    The feces are collected in a container for feces with a spoon and a lid. The container for collecting of biomaterial must be purchased at the pharmacy in advance. The container must be filled no more than on 1/3 of its volume.
  • When collecting feces from young children – it is prohibited to take feces from a diaper, from underwear – is allowed.
  • It is forbidden to collect feces from a toilet bowl. It is possible to use a clean, dry vessel (pot).
  • Cancellation of medicines is recommended (all laxatives, antidiarrheal, vago-and sympathicotropic medications, kaolin, barium sulfate, medicines of bismuth, iron preparations, rectal candles on a fatty basis, enzymes and other medications influencing processes of digestion, absorption and a vermicular movement).
  • It is impossible to conduct coprological researches after an enema.
  • After X-ray research of a stomach and intestines, carrying out the analysis of feces is shown not earlier than after two days.
  • The research should be carried out before performing sigmoidoscopy, irgigoscopy and other diagnostic manipulations in the intestine and stomach or in 2 weeks after the carried-out diagnostic manipulations.
  • From the diet should be excluded meat, fish, tomatoes, all kinds of green vegetables, beet, blueberry and other products containing coloring matter.
  • Feces for research should not contain impurities, such as urine.
  • The container with the feces is tightly closed with a lid, placed in a clean disposable bag and delivered to LLC «LODE» as soon as possible on the day of collection.

For the hidden blood in feces:

Determination of hidden blood in feces is not recommended:

  • Within 2 weeks after carrying out instrumental researches of gastrointestinal tract or medical procedures (colonoscopy, rectoromanoscopy, clarification of intestines by means of enemas, etc.).
  • During menstruations.
  • When bleeding from hemorrhoidal knots, hematuria or after an excessive straining during defecation.
  • If there is observed an impurity of urine in the feces or separated of the genitals.
The rules of preparation for the research of ejaculate

Spermogram:

  • For a research it is necessary ejaculate, collected by the way of masturbation directly in LLC LODE at the address 58, Nezavisimosty ave.
  • The portion of the ejaculate is collected in a sterile container with a lid (the container can be received in LLC LODE or purchase at a pharmacy). To obtain the correct results of a research it is necessary to collect all received ejaculate.
  • If during the same day are planned also blood draw from a vein, then first it is necessary to take a blood test and then ejaculate.
  • Biomaterial surrenders after 3-day and no more than 5-day sexual abstinence.
  • Alcohol should not be taken during this period.
  • One day before carry out do not smoke.
  • Do not take medicines (exception: life-saving medicines prescribed by a doctor for permanent use, do not need to be canceled).
  • The analysis is done in 3-4 weeks after the end of treatment by antibiotics.
  • For 7 days before to exclude exposure to elevated temperature (visiting the bath / sauna, production hyperthermia), exclude exposure to high-frequency electromagnetic waves (for example, UHF-therapy).
  • The analysis is done in 2 weeks after the diseases / conditions that caused the temperature increase.
  • During preparation period for a research also is necessary good nutrition.
  • On the day preceding the analysis, it is desirable to exclude heavy physical and psychological stress.
  • At a repeated research it is preferable to determine the identical periods of abstention for decrease in fluctuations of the received results.
  • It is not recommended to pass ejaculate on the same day with the tests assuming the taking of biomaterial from the urethra.
The rules for the preparation and collection of feces in the research of intestinal microflora

Intestinal microflora:

  • All examine patients for 1-3 days before sampling should be on a diet that excludes the intake of foods that enhance the fermentation processes in the intestines and lactic acid products, as well as alcohol, antibiotics and bacterial preparations (containing bifidobacteria, lactobacilli, E. coli, etc.).
  • The material is the feces after natural defecation, which is collected in a clean sterile disposable container with a screwing-up cap and a spoon.
  • It is not recommended to collect feces from a toilet bowl.
  • Collect feces on a clean surface, which can be used as a clean new sheet (bag) of polyethylene or paper (this way is preferable).
  • When using the vessel, it is previously well washed out with soap and a sponge, rinsed repeatedly with tap water, and then doused with boiling water and cooled.
  • Feces take mainly from the middle portion with a special spoon, built into the lid of the sterile container, in an amount of not more than 1/3 of the container volume. Do not fill the container up to the top. Carefully close a lid.
  • Delivery to the laboratory - as soon as it possible on the day of taking;
    specify the time of reception at administrators and in the contact center of medical center «LODE».
Research of feces for pathogenic and conditionally pathogenic microflora

Conditionally pathogenic microflora:

  • Sampling of feces should be carried out in the early stages of a disease while pathogenic microbes are contained in the material in large quantities.
  • Feces are collected in a sterile container with a lid and spoon, which can be obtained at the medical center «LODE» or purchased at a pharmacy.
  • Delivery to the laboratory (if the client collects at home) - as soon as it possible on the day of taking, specify the time of reception at administrators and in the contact center of medical center «LODE».
Definition of calprotectin in feces

Calprotectin:

  • Special dietary restrictions are not required.
  • In the case of use of preparations that increase the risk of bleeding (for example, non-steroidal anti-inflammatory preparations), it is necessary to discuss an order of carrying out a research with the attending physician.
  • Patients with hemorrhoidal bleeding, blood in urine, with pain in the process of defecation, women during the menstrual cycle should refrain from this research.
  • The research should not be conducted within 2 weeks after carrying out tool researches of the gastrointestinal tract or medical procedures which can cause mechanical damages mucous (for example, colonoscopy, rectoromanoscopy, clarification of intestines with enemas, etc.).
  • Stools should be obtained in the natural way without enemas and laxatives.
  • It is not recommended to collect feces from a toilet bowl.
  • Feces are collected on a clean surface, which can be used as a dry clean sheet of paper, polyethylene or an oilcloth, or a vessel (pot). Place the test in a container for feces in an amount of not more than 1/3 of the volume of a container. It is necessary to bring a container with feces to the medical center «LODE» on the day of collecting test (or no later than 1-2 days after defecation). Before transportation the container with biomaterial should be stored in a refrigerator at +4 ... +8 degrees.
Definition of Giardia lamblia in feces

Antigen test:

  • The research should be carried out during the first week from the moment of emergence of symptoms of a disease, since in a week after infection, the number of parasites in the feces decreases, making the samples less reactive.
  • It is not recommended to collect feces from a toilet bowl.
  • Feces are collected on a clean surface, which can be used as a dry clean sheet of paper, polyethylene or an oilcloth, or a vessel (pot). Place the test in a container for feces in an amount of not more than 1/3 of the volume of a container. It is necessary to bring a container with feces to the medical center «LODE» on the day of collecting test (or no later than 1-2 days after defecation). Before transportation the container with biomaterial should be stored in a refrigerator at +4 ... +8 degrees.
Definition of rotavirus in feces

Rotavirus in feces:

  • Conditions of preparation are determined by the attending physician..
  • It is not recommended to collect feces from a toilet bowl.
  • Feces are collected on a clean surface, which can be used as a dry clean sheet of paper, polyethylene or an oilcloth, or a vessel (pot). Place the test in a container for feces in an amount of not more than 1/3 of the volume of a container. It is necessary to bring a container with feces to the medical center «LODE» on the day of collecting test (or no later than 1-2 days after defecation). Before transportation the container with biomaterial should be stored in a refrigerator at +4 ... +8 degrees.